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    For relief of symptoms of osteoarthritis

    Can with capsules containing glucosamine sulphate

    Combat osteoarthritis symptoms

    • Contains glucosamine sulphate
    • The capsules are easy to swallow but can also be opened if you want to mix the contents with water, juice, or yogurt
    • Manufactured under Danish pharmaceutical control


    Osteoarthritis leads to pain, stiffness, and a limited range of movement. More than twice as many women as men suffer from osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis of the knee is the most common form followed by osteoarthritis of the hip.

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    1 capsule contains:      
    Glucosamine hemisulphate     509 mg
    Potassium     87 mg

    Product Facts

    Dosage

    Adults and elderly:
    The usual dose is 1 capsule 3 times daily. Alternatively, you can take all 3 capsules at one time.

    Children:
    Should not be given to children under the age of 15 without the instruction of a physician.

    The capsules should be swallowed whole with a full glass of water.

    Ingredients
    Glucosamine hemisulphate-potassium chloride complex, magnesium stearate. Capsule: Gelatin. Colouring: Iron oxide.

    Should not be taken by people with shellfish allergy.
    Read the package leaflet before use.

    Storage
    Dark, dry and at room temperature. Do not store at temperatures higher than 25°C. Store in original packaging and keep container tightly closed. Keep out of reach of young children.

    What is Glucosamine Pharma Nord?

    Bio-Glucosamine is a registered drug in the pharmacotherapeutic group named: Other anti-inflammatory and antirheumatic agents, non steroids. Bio-Glucosamine consist of hard, gelatin capsules (size 0) with glucosamine sulphate in an amount that delivers 400 mg of pure glucosamine. In addition, each capsule contains 87 mg of potassium. Bio-Glucosamine is intended for the relief of symptoms in mild to moderate osteoarthritis of the knee.
     

    How to take Bio-Glucosamine

    A capsule is pulled apart and the contents is emptied into a glass of juice. Take the capsules with a glass of water. The dosage is 1 capsule 3 times daily. You can also choose to take all three capsules at once. The capsules can be pulled apart, so you can stir the powder into some water, juice or yogurt. It is not necessary to take the capsules with a meal. Do not take a double dose if you forget to take one, just continue as usual.
     

    Bio-Glucosamine has some unique advantages:
     

    • The smooth surface of the capsule makes it easy to swallow
    • The capsule is easy to disassemble so you can stir the content into a glass of water, orange juice, or yogurt
    • Does not contain tablet additives

    What is glucosamine?

    Glucosamine is a small water-soluble molecule (an amino-monosaccharide) that the body is able to synthesize. Glucosamine is included as a building block in the union of glycosaminoglycan and hyaluronic acid,  both of which are used in the construction of joint cartilage. In animal experiments, the substance has been found to inhibit cartilage degradation, probably through  inhibition of enzymes involved in the gradual breakdown of joint carge. Glucosamine is a slow-acting substance. Therefore, pain relief can only be expected after several weeks of daily glucosamine intake, in some cases even longer. Glucosamine has low acute toxicity.

    What is osteoarthritis?

    Osteoarthritis is one of the most common forms of arthritis. It is also known as wear-and-tear arthritis but this name is actually misleading because regular exercise and proper use of your joints actually help to keep the cartilage in good health. 

    A joint including cartilage

    The cartilage in a healthy knee joint is intact. However, with passing time, a degradation process may start that causes the cartilage to slowly disappear, eventually causing the bone ends to grate against each other. The bone compensates for the lacking cartilage tissue by growing and forming so-called spurs or osteophytes. These growths can cause pain and/or reduced mobility.

    Osteoarthritis can be caused by age, obesity (especially when combined with inactivity), genetics (inheritance), improper loading of the joints, or monotonous and poor posture in particular lines of work with examples like factory workers, farmers, waste collectors, librarians, etc. Certain types of sports also lead to an increased risk of osteoarthritis. The condition is rather common with ballet dancers and soccer players.

    The risk of osteoarthritis increases with age. After reaching 65 years, nearly all people experience some degree of the condition. However, there is a gender difference, as osteoarthritis of the knees are most prevalent among women, whereas men are more likely to experience osteoarthritis of the hips.

    Glucosamine for osteoarthritis symptoms
    Glucosamine is an endogenously synthesized substance that supports the structure of cartilage. Effective glucosamine is extracted from the shells of crustaceans.
    According to the scientific literature, there are major quality and purity differences between various glucosamine sources. It is recommended to take pharmaceutical-grade glucosamine sulphate.

    Be aware when taking glucosamine

    Caution is required in the following situations:

    • Impaired renal function and/or potassium-poor diet
    • Diabetes. Measure your blood sugar regularly when taking glucosamine
    • Asthma
    • Increased INR (International Normalized Ratio) with coumarin anticoagulants (warfarin and acenocoumaro) has been reported
    • The possibility of interactions with other medicines cannot be excluded


    Allergy to shellfish

    If you are allergic (hypersensitive) to glucosamine, to shellfish, or any of the ingredients, do not take glucosamine as the active substance is derived from shellfish.
     

    Pregnancy and lactation

    Due to the lack of adequate studies of the safety of taking glucosamine during pregnancy and lactation, Glucosamine Pharma Nord is not recommended for pregnant and breastfeeding women.
     

    Undesirable effects

    The most common reactions associated with glucosamine therapy are nausea, abdominal pain, indigestion, constipation, and diarrhea. In addition, headache, tiredness, rash, itching, and flushing have been reported. The reported adverse reactions are usually mild and transient.